Differences Between Hemp CBD and Marijuana CBD Explained
You’ve likely encountered CBD before, but what exactly is Hemp CBD vs Marijuana CBD?
CBD has gained immense popularity among the health community in recent years because of its therapeutic effects.
Currently legal in all 50 states, this dietary supplement is making big waves due to its ability to relieve people suffering from chronic pain, anxiety, Dravet syndrome, seizures, and other medical conditions.
Hemp CBD vs Marijuana CBD is a huge debate. But it does not have to be, as the two are very different from each other.
The Role Of Cannabis in CBD
The cannabis plant comprises over 100 compounds, and both plants contain a cannabinoid known as CBD (cannabidiol).
CBD derived from industrial hemp comes from different varieties of the Cannabis sativa plant that naturally contain minimal THC (less than 0.3%), the psychoactive component found in cannabis.
Because hemp contains only trace amounts of THC, these products are non-psychoactive are available anywhere regardless of federal or state laws.
Understanding the differences between Hemp CBD vs Marijuana CBD will help you decide which product is best for your needs.
Here’s a breakdown of some of the main differences between hemp oil and marijuana CBD oil:
What is CBD?
There are many cannabinoids present in cannabis plants. Some of them are more abundant than others.
In order to get a good understanding of Hemp CBD vs Marijuana CBD, it is essential first to understand what cannabinoids are and how they interact with our bodies.
Cannabidiol (CBD) is a chemical compound naturally produced in abundance by the cannabis plant.
In contrast to THC, a psychoactive cannabinoid, CBD oil does not cause psychoactive effects such as feelings of euphoria.
As long as you purchase your hemp or marijuana-based CBD from an online retailer that has lab tested their products, you will know precisely how much THC is in your product – this will let you know whether you are within legal limits or not.
CBD binds with endocannabinoid system (ECS) receptors, located throughout the human body but most densely concentrated in the nervous system.
Your body produces its cannabinoids called endocannabinoids. The receptors in your body respond to the same cannabinoids that your body produces and play an essential role in maintaining homeostasis.
These receptors are found in parts of your brain and immune system.
Existing research and clinical trials favor CBD as an alternative to addictive prescription drugs in managing chronic pain.
CBD may also offer a range of other possible health benefits, including pain relief, acting as an anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and neuroprotectant. It is also an antidote to some forms of epilepsy.
CBD oil is most often extracted from hemp plants — not from marijuana plants. These are two different plants, but they belong to the same genus.
Hemp CBD vs Marijuana CBD - How do they differ?
The key difference between hemp CBD vs Marijuana CBD oil comes down to the difference between industrial hemp and its cousin, marijuana.
While both plants contain CBD, industrial hemp only contains trace amounts of THC.
Marijuana has much higher THC levels, typically 10-30% of dry weight in any given sample of leaves or flowers.
THC is responsible for the psychoactive properties associated with cannabis, such as euphoria and hallucinations.
It is what people seek when they want a product that will help them relax after work or enjoy some entertainment.
By contrast, CBD provides relief from pain and inflammation while maintaining alertness and functionality.
Industrial hemp also grows differently than marijuana and is typically harvested much earlier in the season before THC concentrations have reached their peak.
Hemp is a fiber agricultural commodity grown for its stalk, which contains hemp seed and core.
The stem and leaf stalks have a variety of industrial uses, such as the manufacture of paper, textiles, and biodegradable plastics and building materials. The large stalks can make biofuel too.
Lastly, cold-pressed hemp oil can make lotions, creams, or soaps and be added to shampoos or conditioners.
Hemp plants have low THC and high amounts of CBD, but there’s no guarantee that hemp-derived CBD products will be free from THC entirely.
That said, it’s perfectly legal to purchase CBD from online retailers or local stores, even if you live in a state where marijuana use is illegal.
It would be best if you made sure the product is derived from hemp and not marijuana.
Federal law prohibits marijuana under the controlled substances act, and subsequently, marijuana-derived CBD with more than 0.3% THC.
Marijuana CBD oil is legal but still under scrutiny.
According to the Farm Bill of 2018, cultivation of hemp, manufacture, and sale of hemp CBD is legal under certain restrictions.
Hemp becomes legal if the final product contains less than 0.3%, and hemp products must meet Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) guidelines.
This legal distinction has made hemp-derived CBD products widely available across the United States.
It’s important to note that these products are derived from industrial hemp plants that contain less than 0.3 percent THC by volume at most and sometimes even less than 0.1% THC.
This means that it would be almost impossible to achieve any “high” or euphoria by smoking or ingesting CBD products from industrial hemp plants, so long as they were derived from strains with less THC.
Cannabis plants are also characterized by their resin production, visible as crystals on the bud or leaf surface.
The amount of resin produced by a plant determines the classification of that plant. The highest grade of cannabis is called “resin,” followed by “candela” and “sinsemilla,” which are lower grades.
Red strains produce more resin than green or purple strains. This means red strains are typically more potent than other strains for medical use.
When discussing Hemp vs Marijuana CBD, the answer lies in how manufacturers process hemp.
Hemp comes from low-resin industrial plants that mature quickly & easily, allowing them to grow in various climates.
On the other hand, marijuana needs more time to grow and thrive in specific environments. While marijuana plants produce their resin in large quantities on small stalks, industrial hemp plants have a much smaller amount of resin.
CBD isolate vs Broad-spectrum vs Full spectrum
OK, so that is a lot of ‘Vs’, but let us break this down for you really easily…
Whether you’re talking about hemp or marijuana, the difference between CBD isolate, broad-spectrum, and the full spectrum extract is significant.
CBD isolate and full-spectrum CBD oil are not the same.
While they both contain CBD, the former is a crystalline CBD that is pure and free of any other cannabinoids, terpenes, or compounds.
The latter contains THC and a host of minor cannabinoids in addition to CBD, such as CBG and CBN.
Broad spectrum contains other cannabinoids and compounds such as terpenes and flavonoids but is not as potent as full-spectrum oils.
Hemp-derived CBD isolates are also known as crystalline CBD and sometimes pure CBD.
It is a very refined product with CBD found in hemp plants but isolated into its purest form.
It can be used to make tinctures, oils, salves, and edibles, but because it has no accompanying cannabinoids (such as THC), it will not get you high.
You should be able to pass drug tests if you use CBD isolate products.
The “Entourage Effect”
The Entourage Effect is a concept first brought to light by a group of researchers led by Dr. Raphael Mechoulam in 1998.
These scientists discovered and published evidence of the synergistic relationship between cannabinoids when used together instead of isolated CBD.
In the years since, other studies have been conducted with similar findings and conclusions.
Full-spectrum CBD products with a balance of cannabinoids and terpenes present in their natural form, provide the most effective therapeutic benefits.
To put it simply: The Entourage Effect is an acknowledgment that all the chemical compounds found in cannabis work together synergistically, to produce better results than any single compound alone.
CBD oil vs Hemp seed oil
CBD oil and hemp seed oil are different products with diff purposes.
The key difference is that CBD oil is extracted from a specific strain of cannabis, which is often grown to have high amounts of CBD in the first place.
Hemp seed oil is extracted from hemp seeds.
Hemp seed oil is suitable for cooking or skincare and beauty treatments. It is also used in some cases as a nutritional supplement.
The hemp seed oil contains a balanced amount of omega-3 and omega-6 essential fatty acids (which you may have heard about if you’ve ever tried a trendy “omega-3 capsule”), as well as other healthy fats.
In fact, it has more omega-3 than most fish oils do.
Even though they’re high in essential fatty acids, they won’t clog your pores because they contain no sebum.
Hemp seed oils are also anti-inflammatory, which helps with irritated skin conditions like eczema and psoriasis.
Hemp CBD vs Marijuana CBD: Which is better?
When making a purchase or trying a new CBD oil brand or other CBD-infused product, it’s essential to know what you’re buying.
Are you purchasing a hemp-based CBD product or a marijuana-based CBD product?
While both hemp and marijuana are from the cannabis sativa plant species, the main difference lies in their respective concentrations of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).
This psychoactive ingredient is illegal under federal law and produces the “high” associated with marijuana products.
The debate about the relative merits of Hemp CBD vs Marijuana CBD is likely to continue for a long time to come.
Given that so many other variables come into play beyond plant sources, there will never be a consensus.
Many experts tout the benefits of using CBD oil derived from whole-plant sources, and marijuana is one of the leading plant sources for such benefits.
A balanced whole plant product provides a comprehensive range of cannabinoids and terpenes with complementary effects.
Hemp CBD vs Marijuana CBD - The Bottom Line
CBD can come from hemp and marijuana, and in practice, there is little to no difference. Both CBD derived from hemp and CBD derived from marijuana have the same properties and will have the same effects.
The marijuana plant contains high amounts of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), one of over 100 cannabinoids identified in cannabis.
It also contains a low amount of CBD in its trichomes. On the other hand, hemp possesses higher CBD levels than THC.
Additionally, Marijuana CBD tends to be more expensive, but that is likely due to its being less abundant than hemp CBD or federal government regulations surrounding its growth.
If you want to purchase CBD oil, however, there’s currently one specific kind of CBD oil recognized as effective and safe by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) called Epidiolex.
Even though there has been a lot of research on medical marijuana and its uses, there are still few regulated studies being done to see how effective CBD can be.
CBD companies will make many health claims about their products as a marketing strategy.
Therefore if you are planning to take CBD oil for any reason, we’d suggest speaking with your physician first before diving into this pool for the first time.